The hair is made of a protein called keratin. In addition, the hair contains essential vitamins and minerals.
Minerals: zinc, silicon, iron.
Vitamins: Vitamin A, B5, and vitamin B7 – also called biotin.
Under normal circumstances, the hair falls out at a rate of 50-100 hairs a day and usually it grows back. There are situations where the rate of hair loss increases, and hair that falls out does not grow back. Such increased hair loss can cause partial baldness to the point of complete baldness of the scalp.
Causes of hair loss:
· Poor nutrition - Poor nutrition can cause a deficiency in the minerals and vitamins needed for hair growth. When we lack vitamins and minerals in our body, we use various reservoirs, including the reservoir of vitamins and minerals that exist in the hair. As a result, the hair falls out and becomes fragile and thin.
Other causes of hair loss:
· Extreme diet
· Mental stress
· Lack of sleep
· Hormonal changes - a decrease in the female hormone estrogen, and an increase in the male hormone testosterone.
· Birth - after birth, hormonal changes occur that cause increased hair loss.
· Diseases - diseases such as diabetes, anemia, hypothyroidism, and other serious diseases that cause extreme distress to the body.
· Side effects of medications
· Transition seasons - during the transition seasons, hair loss increases.
· Improper hair care
• Hairstyles that stretch the hair tear it from the scalp and cause hair loss.
• Unprofessional hair straightening — e.g., too hot ironing or hair drying.
Treatment of shedding
Poor nutrition and lack of vitamins and minerals can cause hair loss as well as other symptoms, such as: weakness, fatigue, headaches and dizziness. These symptoms indicate a problem that requires blood tests in which a deficiency of vitamins and minerals can be detected.
The treatment of the problem will be by taking the vitamins and minerals needed by the body and a proper nutrition.
The nutrition should be a balanced and include all the major food groups: proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The nutrition should be based mainly on vegetables, fruits and whole grains, rich in vitamins, minerals and unsaturated fatty acids.
It is advisable to choose fruits and vegetables that contain silica, zinc, iron, magnesium and vitamins A, B5, K and biotin. As well as omega-3 fatty acids and other unsaturated fatty acids.
External treatment for hair loss
There are different types of anti-hair loss shampoos that contain vitamins and herbal oils that are essential for hair growth and strengthening, such as rosemary and nettle. Also, massaging the scalp with rosemary oil or nettle infusion might help strengthen hair roots.
The stated above does not constitute a medical advice. Please consult your healthcare provider with any question or concerns you have on your medical condition.